Renal failure is a major cause of death in middle age amongst Ugandans.
In sub-Saharan Africa most children have limited access to clean water, and consequently probably drink much less than those in developed countries.
A research study is being conducted by the 2011 Brighter Smiles team (coordinating with the University of British Columbia) to evaluate the medical histories, physical examination findings, and daily fluid intake of Ugandan school children and correlate this data with analysis of their urine chemistry. The purpose is to assess whether drinking additional fluid could contribute to improved renal health. Depending on the results of the study the research may have some hugely important implications.